On job training is part of every manager’s job. But some managers aren’t aware that adults learn in a special way. Being aware just how adults learn can markedly improve the quality of on job training.
1. Learning By Doing
In broad terms, children learn by being told. Adults learn by doing. Ensure that your on job training has a strong emphasis on practical action rather than theory and telling.
2. Try Out
Adults like to try out skills. Provided it’s safe, allow trainees to “try their hand” extensively.
Give adult trainees the opportunity to “work things out”, Don’t be too directive. Just make sure you’re always on hand to help.
4. Self Pacing
Try to let trainees work at a pace that they’re comfortable with. Avoid slow, tedious instruction and avoid rushing through material too quickly.
5. Problem Centred
Make sure you present your instruction as providing skills and knowledge that will help trainees solve a problem. Avoid presenting material that’s merely “useful” and lacks direct relationship to on job performance.
6. Making Sense
Adults learn better when the learning process makes sense to them. Elaborate and complex instruction will discourage many trainees.
7. Acknowledge Experience
Take care that you acknowledge trainee’s past experience. Test to see what they can already do so that you’re not asking them to learn what they know already.
8. Results Emphasis
Ensure that you inform trainees what result they’ll achieve through the training. Adults like to know the result that they’re aiming for.
9. Perceived Needs
Adult trainees want to be certain that the on job training meets their perceived needs. Before commencing instruction, make sure that you and the trainee are agreed that the training will satisfy the needs they believe they have.
10. They Are Adults
Treat adults trainees like adults, not children. They may have some knowledge and skill deficiencies that need your training. But they expect you to respect them as mature “grown-ups” not ignorant children.
Always test before training. Allow plenty of practice time. Prepare very specific, measurable objectives. Give them the opportunity to learn quickly and demonstrate competence as quickly as possible.
Always remember that adults learn by doing. And they need to understand where the instruction’s headed and how it’s valuable to them at work.
What To Do Now
These principles apply to all on job training, even if it’s brief and informal. Ensure that you circulate this article to anyone in your business who’s involved in on job training.